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تماشای کوه در تنهایی...(Li Bai)

دوستای گلم سلامپست امروزم یه کم ادبی هستش یه شعر کوچولو از شاعر بزرگ چینی

لی بی (李白Li Bai)/لی پو هست که امیدوارم خوشتون بیاد

Li Baili bai2

"تماشای کوه در تنهایی"                                        

کبوتران پر زدند و رفتند ... 

تکه ابری تنها آرام می رقصد            

و ما هرگز از نگاه به هم خسته نمی شویم   

فقط من و کوه...                           

شعر:لی بی Li Bai                    

                     

 

+ نوشته شده در  چهارشنبه دهم مهر 1387ساعت 12:18  توسط مانی  | 

汉语!!

hanyu
+ نوشته شده در  یکشنبه هفتم مهر 1387ساعت 15:59  توسط مانی  | 

汉语难吗?

Hi dear friends

this is an interesting survey I just read about & wanted to share

http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~eagerchm/tutorial/attitudes.html

One of the most important questions on my survey asked both students and teachers to rank a set of languages based on how difficult they felt they would be for a speaker of American English to learn. There were 11 languages in the group; though I asked the respondents to rank them from 1 (the easiest) to 11 (the most difficult), many people gave the same ranking to several languages instead, which lowered some of the overall means. To account for this while still calculating the mean, I also calculated the mode and the median for each of the languages, as well as the standard deviation. The results for students and teachers are shown in the charts below.

s2
 

 Student Rankings of Languages

language

mean

mode

median

st. dev.

 French

2.39

2

2

0.92

 Spanish

 1.17

 1

 1

 0.51

Italian

 2.56

 2

 2.5

 0.78

 German

 4.61

 4

 4

 1.46

Russian

 6.33

 6

 6

 1.85

Chinese

 8.89

11

 10

 2.65

Japanese

 8.5

 10

 9

 2.33

 Latin

 4.39

 4

 4

 2.00

 Ancient Greek

 7.22

 7

 8

 2.39

 Hebrew

7.17

8

8

2.01

 Arabic

 8.56

 9

 9

 2.20

 Teacher Rankings of Languages

language

mean

mode

median

st. dev.

 French

2.4

1

2

1.35

 Spanish

 1.45

 1

 1

 0.82

Italian

 2.73

4

3

 1.19

 German

4.00

5

5

1.48

Russian

6.1

 6

 6

1.66

Chinese

8.64

11

10

2.66

Japanese

8.18

 10

8

2.44

 Latin

3.18

5, 3, 2

3

1.40

 Ancient Greek

6.2

6

6

1.56

 Hebrew

7.4

7, 8

8

1.65

 Arabic

7.91

9

8

2.02

It is interesting that the student and teacher graphs have so much in common. The top

languages on both graphs are the same, and all agreed that Chinese was the most difficult language. The ranking system, though usually not passed directly from teacher to student, exists in basically the same form for both groups.

I asked the students why they had ranked the languages the way they did, and most gave an elaborate explanation for their choices. Similarity to English was judged as the key factor in making a language easier; although English is not a Romance language, many of the respondents seemed to think it was. “French and Italian are Romance languages realted to English.” At the end of the list, differences from English seemed overwhelming. “I know that Arabic, Japanese, and Chinese are the most difficult to learn among the choices since they have separate writing, alphabet, and the languages are so different from ours,” “Chinese and Japanese are a whole different experience,” “Languages that involve another alphabet or other ways or writing are more difficult.”

In spite of these elaborate reasons, at core many of the students based their responses on data other than their own personal observations. “Gut instinct,” wrote one respondent; “The others just sound more difficult,” wrote another; “I basically just guessed,” said a third.

Some of the responses were simply puzzling: “Spanish would be easiest to learn because we border Mexico,” “Latin and Greek aren’t spoken anymore,” “It seems like a lot of people study Spanish, French, German, etc. while fewer study the others.”

There were 3 respondents who did not rank the languages, choosing the option “I don’t think it makes a difference.” Many of them said they chose this option because they felt that ease depended on the individual. One added that she did not feel she knew enough about the various languages, and another said “I think ranking them would be based on stereotypes Americans have about other cultures, and I try to avoid stereotypes.”

I was interested to find out if students’ difficulty rankings of the languages they studied themselves had anything to do with their own perceptions of themselves as good or bad language learners, or with the grades they had previously received in language classes. After investigation, however, there does not seem to be a correlation. The students who gave their self-studied language a relatively high difficulty ranking (4+) were no more likely to call themselves “excellent” language learners than those who studied languages they perceived as easier. In fact, one of the two people to call herself a “really bad” language learner was taking Russian, which she ranked as the 7th most difficult language.

As for the students’ grades, all of the students who had an A average called themselves either “excellent” or “pretty good” language learners. However, most of the students who had B averages also said they did “pretty well,” although the B category also included students who felt they were “not strong” or “really bad.”: 

+ نوشته شده در  یکشنبه هفتم مهر 1387ساعت 15:19  توسط مانی  |